Rolling Resistance and Commercial Truck Tires

The “rolling resistance” of a tire is defined as the physical drag a tire exhibits while in motion (rolling).  This drag is measured as a force. Obviously, the more drag, the more fuel used.

Rolling Resistance and Commercial Truck Tires

In the average truck tire, for every 1% improvement in rolling resistance or reduction in force, a one-third % improvement is realized in fuel economy.

Truck tires are made up of many components, including “steel” cord in many areas. The steel cord, though, has an insignificant contribution to rolling resistance as compared to the rubber components – in particular the tread area.

It should be no surprise that when it comes to improving the tire for better fuel economy, tire engineers focus heavily on the tread area which contributes 50% to 60% of the rolling resistance on the average truck tire. But engineers must make sure they manage improvements in rolling resistance without affecting the other performance characteristics of the tread area, including wear rates and irregular wear fighting capabilities.

The Double Coin OptiGreen™ series of SmartWay® tires feature a total of eight product lines, including the FR605 steer tireFD405 drive tire, and the FT105 trailer tire. We also have two super-wide tires in the Optigreen line-up — the FT125 super-wide trailer tire and FD425 super wide drive tire. All of the OptiGreen tires are SmartWay verified, meaning that they have met the EPA’s requirements for low rolling resistance.

Below are some key definitions of the key factors affecting rolling resistance in tires:

Tread Compounds: Low Hysteresis Rubber is more resilient than High Hysteresis Rubber.  Hysteresis is the difference between the amount of energy absorbed when the rubber is stretched and the amount of energy released when the rubber is relaxed. High Hysteresis indicates a high loss of energy and so is it is good for energy absorbing applications. Using a Low Hysteresis compound will contribute significantly to lowering the rolling resistance of a tire.

Tire Inflation: If a tire has too low of inflation pressure for a given wheel load, it results in greater sidewall distortion or tire deflection as we call it.  With poorly inflated tires, the more distortion experienced in the sidewall, footprint, or contact area (area of tread touching the road), the more heat and energy is generated. As heat or energy increases, the tire becomes less efficient for rolling resistance.

Tread Design: The less disruption a tread design offers to the direction of rotation, the less heat buildup. As stated before, heat and energy make a tireless fuel-efficient.  More modern fuel-efficient tread designs and compounds are trending towards using ribbed grooves, narrower grooves widths, and fewer grooves to reduce this disruption.

The quest for lowering the rolling resistance in tires is ever-evolving; who knows where the future will take us in compounding, computer-optimized tread designs, and so on. One thing’s for sure – the engineers involved with the Double Coin tire brand will always be pushing the envelope.

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SAIGONTIRE IMPORT AND DISTRIBUTION CO., LTD is the authorized distributor of Doublecoin Tires. We provide premium and diversified tires like truck tires, container tires at affordable prices. 

SAIGONTIRE  always committee to be a reputable partner of the production units and a reliable supplier to consumers.

For more information please contact us:


Address: 312 Vo Chi Cong, Phu Huu Ward, District 9, Ho Chi Minh City

Phone: 028 36 36 47 23 – 0906 357 723

Email: [email protected]            


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